Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Removing the Doubts: “Not all Ahl al-Kitaab are Kaafir”

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله ، وبعد

Some of the Western speakers misinterpret the Aayah # 105 of Surah al-Baqarah to support their claim that not all Ahl al-Kitaab are Kaafir. Among such people who spread this misunderstanding are Nouman Ali Khan, Hamza Yusuf and others.

NOTE: This is a 4 part response to the claim that “not all Ahl al-Kitaab are Kaafir” which were posted as different posts on Facebook over the years.



Explanation of Surah al-Baqarah (2), Aayah (105) by Shaikh Ibn al`Uthaymeen رحمه الله:

For those who have already watched that (in)famous 3 minute clip of Nouman Ali Khan where he used his logic to conclude that not ALL Ahl al-Kitaab are Kaafir, this is the response from Shaikh al-`Uthaymeen's Tafseer.

Allaah تعالى says:

﴿مَا يَوَدُّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ وَلَا الْمُشْرِكِينَ أَنْ يُنَزَّلَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنْ خَيْرٍ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ وَاللَّهُ يَخْتَصُّ بِرَحْمَتِهِ مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَاللَّهُ ذُو الْفَضْلِ الْعَظِيمِ

{Neither those who disbelieve among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) nor Al-Mushrikeen (the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allaah, idolaters, polytheists, pagans, etc.) like that there should be sent down unto you any good from your Lord. But Allah chooses for His Mercy whom He wills. And Allah is the Owner of Great Bounty.}
📚 [Surah al-Baqarah (2): 105]

Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Saaleh al-`Uthaymeen رحمه الله said:

"The word ( ما ) here is for negation.

The word ( يود ) is with the meaning: “love” and ( الود ) means pure love (i.e. from deep down).

The word ( مِن ) here is used to inform about the “types” (of people) and it is not used as a quantifier (i.e. some are and some are not). Therefore it renders the meaning that all the Ahl al-Kitaab are Kuffaar.

And as for the phrase ( ولا المشركين ) it is conjugated with the saying of Allaah (من أهل الكتاب ), meaning: “Those who disbelieve, from these and these, do not love…” That is why Allaah تعالى said: ( ولا المشركين ) [wa laa al-Mushrikeen], this is because if it were in conjunction with ( الذين كفروا ) {those who disbelieve}, then it would have been with al-Raf` (i.e. instead of al-Mushrikeen it would have been al-Mushrikoon).

So based on this, the word ( مِن ) is for the defining the types (of people); i.e. “Those who disbelieve from this group – and they are the Ahl al-Kitaab – and similarly from (this group who are) the Mushrikeen.”"

📚 [Tafseer of Surah al-Baqarah by Shaikh Ibn al-`Uthaymeen رحمه الله]



Ahl al-Kitaab (People of the Book) are Kaafir and will be ransom for the Believers on the Day of Judgment:

Abu Musa' reported that Allaah's Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
When it will be the Day of Resurrection Allaah would deliver to every Muslim a Jew or a Christian and say: That is your rescue from Hell-Fire.
📚 [Saheeh Muslim (6665)]


Abu Burda reported on the authority of his father that Allaah's Apostleصلى الله عليه وسلم said:
No Muslim would die but Allaah would admit in his stead a Jew or a Christian in Hell-Fire.
📚 [Saheeh Muslim (6666)]



“The stage in-between the two stages”, between the Mu`tazilah and the Soofees:

The Mu`tazilah (the deviated sect) came with the concept of “a stage between two stages”; saying that a person who does major sins (like adultery, gambling, drinking intoxicants) is neither a Muslim nor a Kaafir, he is in-between the stage of being a Muslim and a Kaafir; and he will abide in the Hellfire forever.

Similarly, nowadays, the likes of Hamza Yusuf has adopted the same concept and applied it on the Jews and the Christians, saying that they are neither Believers nor Kaafir, that they are in-between (i.e. they should only be referred as “the people of the Book” and should not be called as Kaafir).

Firstly, their acts of Kufr are mentioned throughout the Qur’aan and they being Kaafir is clearly mentioned in Surah al-Maaidah (5): 72 and 73, as well as the whole of Surah al-Bayyinah (98). So there is no room for discussion here in the first place. The one who opposes or rejects the Qur’aan is himself in danger of falling into Kufr.

a. Can we pray offer the funeral prayer for them? NO!

b. Can we seek Allaah’s forgiveness for them? NO!

c. Can they be buried in the Muslim graveyard? NO!

d. Can a Muslim inherit from them? NO!

e. Can they inherit from the Muslim? NO!

f. Can they enter Makkah or Madeenah? NO!

g. Will they enter Paradise if they die upon this Kufr? NO!

When the answer is NO, then why the need to differentiate between them and the Kuffaar? All of them attribute partners to Allaah. All of them attribute children to Allaah.

[The only difference between the Ahl al-Kitaab and the Mushriks is that Allaah تعالى allowed the Muslims to eat their meat and allowed the Muslim men to marry their women.]

Do not let the likes of these water down our religion!



Kaafir: Their ruling in this World and in the Hereafter

But the moment the word Kaafir is mentioned, some people start believing that we are damning them to Hell. What they fail to realize is that there are two different issues involved here:
1) Treating them as Kaafir.
2) Damning them to Hell.

For more details:

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