Tuesday, October 9, 2012

Brief Comments on Riyaadh al-Saaliheen #41

The Name of Surah al-Ikhlaas

بـسـم الله والحـمـد لله والـصلاة والـسـلام عــلى رسـول الله، وبـعـد

[Sharh Riyaadh al-Saaliheen (5/544) of Shaikh al-`Uthaymeen رحمه الله]

Shaikh al-`Uthaymeen رحمه الله said:

It has been so named as Surah al-Ikhlaas (Purity) because Allaah تعالى reserved this Surah purely for Himself. He تعالى did not mention in it except that which concerned Him جل وعلا (regarding His Names and Attributes). There is no mention in it in regards to the rulings on Tahaarah or Salaah or (buying and) selling or other than that, but rather all of it is set-aside for Allaah عز وجل. Moreover, the one who recites it will have a complete sincerity towards Allaah تعالى. This Surah is Pure and it purifies – purifying its reciter from Shirk.

And in (4/673) the Shaikh رحمه الله said:

It is said* that the Mushriks asked the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم saying: ‘Show us the lineage of your Lord”, meaning, what is His genealogy; as if they were saying, ‘who is His son’ and Allaah’s refuge is sought from this. (And in another narration it is, ‘describe to us your Lord’) as if they are asking: ‘From what thing is He made of; is He made of Gold or Silver or something similar to it.’ So Allaah تعالى revealed this Surah.

* The Shaikh رحمه الله had doubts over the authenticity of this report. And this was reported by al-Tirmidhee (3364, 3365), al-Haakim (3987), but all from Abu Ja`far al-Raazee whom some of the scholars declared ‘weak’; Shaikh al-Albaanee رحمه الله said that it has other chains which strengthens (each other), see al-Dha`eefah (11/350).

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