Wednesday, August 1, 2012

Brief Comments on Riyaadh al-Saaliheen #30

Treat others the way you want to be treated

بـسـم الله والحـمـد لله والـصلاة والـسـلام عــلى رسـول الله، وبـعـد

[Sharh Riyaadh al-Saaliheen, pg. 2/590]

Shaikh al-`Uthaymeen رحمه الله said:

It is a must that you – O Muslim brother – nurture yourself to love for your brothers what you love for yourself till you become upright in faith. And in an authentic narration the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

من أحب أن يزحزح عن النار ويدخل الجنة فلتأته منيته وهو يؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر، ويحب أن يأتي إلى الناس ما يؤتى إليه

“Whoever wishes to be delivered from the Fire and enter the Garden should die with faith in Allaah and the Last Day and should treat the people as he wishes to be treated by them.” [1]

The first part (of the Hadeeth) is about the rights of Allaah (Haqq-ullaah), and the second part is the rights of the servants (Haqq al-`ibaad). “Death approaches you while you believe (firmly) in Allaah and the Last Day.” We ask Allaah that He تعالى makes us and you like that; and that you love to treat your brother in the same way you wish to be treated.

[1] It has been narrated on the authority of `Abdul Rahmaan ibn Abdu Rabb al-Ka'ba who said: I entered the mosque when `Abdullaah ibn `Amr ibn al-`Aas was sitting in the shade of the Ka`bah and the people had gathered around him. I betook myself to them and sat near him. (Now) `Abdullaah said: I accompanied the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم on a journey. We halted at a place. Some of us began to erect their tents, others began to compete with one another in shooting, and others began to graze their beasts, when an announcer of the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم announced that the people should gather together for prayer. So we gathered around the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم. He said: “It was the duty of every Prophet that has gone before me to guide his followers to what he knew was good for them and warn them against what he knew was bad for them. However, this Ummah of yours has its days of peace and (security) at the beginning of its career, and in the last phase of its existence it will be afflicted with trials and with things disagreeable to you. (In this phase of the Ummah), there will be tremendous trials, one after the other, each making the previous one dwindle into insignificance. When they are afflicted with a trial, the believer will say: This is going to bring about my destruction. When (the trial) is over, they will be afflicted with another trial and the believer will say: This surely is going to be my end. Whoever wishes to be delivered from the Fire and enter the Garden should die with faith in Allaah and the Last Day and should treat the people as he wishes to be treated by them. He who swears allegiance to a Caliph should give him the pledge of his hand and the sincerity of his heart (i.e. submit to him both outwardly as well as inwardly). He should obey him to the best of his capacity. If another man comes forward (as a claimant to Caliphate), disputing his authority, they (the Muslims) should behead the latter.” The narrator says: I came close to him (`Abdullaah ibn `Amr ibn al-`Aas) and said to him: Can you say on oath that you heard it from the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم? He pointed with his hands to his ears and his heart and said: My ears heard it and my mind retained it. I said to him: This cousin of yours, Mu`aawiyah, orders us to consume our wealth unjustly among ourselves and to kill one another, while Allaah says: {O you who believe, do not consume your wealth among yourselves unjustly, unless it be trade based on mutual agreement, and do not kill yourselves. Verily, Allaah is Merciful to you} [Surah al-Nisaa (4):29]. The narrator says that (on hearing this) `Abdullaah ibn `Amr ibn al-`Aas kept quiet for a while and then said: “Obey him in so far as he is obedient to Allaah; and disobey him in matters involving disobedience to Allaah.” [Saheeh Muslim (3437)]

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